- 1985 : LINES OF DEVELOPMENT
1980 Bussana Vecchia had changed in many ways. The number of more
or less full time residents was around hundred and fifty people.
A number of the original members of the community had sold their
houses in some cases to people with no artistic background. The
rise of tourism stimulated thoughts of the fast financial gains
possible in summer. This gave rise to new people from outside finding
veritable spaces within the village to use as shops or galleries,
changing the quality and quantity of the work on sale.
San Remo Council during 1980 began to show an interest in Bussana
Vecchia, having plans drawn up and ordering a survey and report
on the village. The inhabitants, who at the time had no rapresentative
group structure formed another organization : the New Community
of International Artists, N.C.I.A., whose function was to speak
for Bussana Vecchia as a whole in any matter concerning its future
the N.C.I.A. became
an official legal organization. The San Remo Council not feeling
able to cope with the " Bussana Vecchia riddle ", launched
the idea of an international contest among architets on the 29th
October 1982 for plans to redevelop the village. In a meeting on
the 3rd of November 1982 with the San Remo Council a " special
commission " group was formed comprising two San Remo councillers,
one person from Bussana Nuova and three people from Bussana Vecchia.
had to draw up a report on the major areas of concern within the
village. Even thoughit was an official report, there were no guarantees
when the work would be carried out. The rules of the international
contest for Bussana Vecchia were realized on the 1st July 1983.
Towards the end of 1983 a number of people from Bussana Vecchia
could prove that their houses had been occupied for ove 20 years
and hence make official legal statements to that effect, this
being the first step on the path towards legal ownership.
the 2nd January 1984 the Intendenza di Finanza, ( the state ), made
an amendment stating that the ruins of Bussana Vecchia had been
wrongly filed as still being the property of the inhabitants of
the Bussana Council and from then on would be registered as State
formation in August
1985of a new group in Bussana Vecchia, the Laboratorio Aperto,
illustrates a different type of movement in the village. This
being created by a number of people, now within the village, wanting
simply to stimulate the imagination and produce objects or happenings
to counter balance the general tendency now apparent in the village
of more commercial artifacts.
: LINES OF DEVELOPMENT
inhabitants of the village has been forced to spend too much of
their energy and time defending themselves from bureaucratic attacks,
rather than the creative work they came here to do. It should be
remembered that to choose to live in Bussana Vecchia required great
sacrifice end material discomfort. By way of compromise they set
up two organizations. The N.C.I.A. and the Laboratorio Aperto.
To create structures
where in they could plan a legal defence and at the time work
at the preservation and development of activities based on art,
crafts and research. They both functioned successfully for a number
of years, but the endless meetings necessary to discuss what should
be done was so time consuming that there was a conflict between
defending ourselves and finding time to work.
necessity, people chose tu put their time into working and could give
less time to the organizations. There were some who were not in a
position to claim squatters rights "usucapione " and were
misled into believing that a compromise could be reached with the
authorities. Others discouraged by the endless legal wrangling and
horrified by the mounting costs they could no longer afford, gave
the first time the inhabitants were divided and found themselves fighting
for their homes as individuals against the State.To us, the winning
project is the one which will include our present experience when
interpreting the history of Bussana Vecchia. The village has not been
frozen in the middle ages, but lives again through the imagination
and experience of artists, young and old, from different countries.
They have found here a way to express their own ideas of dwelling
and work in a permanent site laboratory of spontaneous architecture,
not being conditioned by the interpretation of experts, or the needs
of the real estate market.
our own individual space within a collective structure which is
the village, its urban framework and social patterns changed by
the earthquake of 1887. An experience of taking possession of space
and territory which hasn' t got the like, for quality and quantity,
in the phenomenon of spontaneous architecture in Italy.
imagine a future where we would like to see operative structures
able to help us show our work, music, theatre, painting, graphics,
pottery, sculpture, poetry, jewellery and compare it with the work
of outsiders, both artists and crafts men, who could use the space
as we do.
where our research work can be more efficiently communicated to that
large touristic flow who tend to see the inhabitants as amusing 60'
s folklore rather than creative people and builders, whose work must
eventually find a place in the town planning of this region, as an
expression of our collective and individual history and our skill
in salvaging abandoned buildings and turning this history into living
and working spaces.
2000 - LABORATORIO APERTO - BUSSANA VECCHIA - ITALY
PHOTO N. 2 ©
APERTO - N. 8 ©